Seasonal Depressions

28.02.2017 11:29:00

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are many influences not only on nature but also on humans. Seasonal transitions cause many physiological and psychological changes that can affect human nature in a negative way. In order not to be affected by the negativities of the seasonal changes on the individuals, it is first necessary to determine the changes in the human body. At the beginning of these changes, depression periods in autumn and winter season, ın the spring and summer seasons, there is a seasonal emotional disturbance in the caracterist by changing with the periods of hypomania or mania.

 

Patients also complain of depressive periods, such as concentration difficulty, anxiety, pessimism, fatigue, increased appetite, and constant drowsiness. Such complaints are much more when the weather is closed. With the arrival of spring and summer, there are cases such as hypomania, humorous humor, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, increased creativity, decreased appetite. The basic characteristic of this disorder is that the onset and recovery of depressive and manic episodes are seasonally related.

 

Seasonal mood disturbance was first described by Rosenthal et al. it was defined in 1984. Seasonal mood impairment is usually seen in women between the ages of 20 and 30 years, 4 to 5 times more than men. Although the cause of seasonal mood disorder is not fully known, stress, genetic factors and biochemical factors are thought to be effective.

 

A seasonal depression may require a professional help, as the individual can disrupt the functions of the social spaces and even carry the risk of suicide. The combination of psychotherapy and drug treatments helps eliminate negative behaviors and reduce stress in individuals with seasonal mood disturbances. In addition, working outside helps people feel better by reducing stress and anxiety. Choosing clothes in light, comfortable and vibrant colors and thinking that this is a temporary situation can comfort the individual.

 

In summary, although the seasonal mood disorder is due to seasonal variation and a transient state, it disrupts the individual's quality of life if not treated. This causal seasonal mood disorder should be considered and professional help should be consulted if necessary.

 

 

Reference:

Arık, C., A. ve Özkan, A. (1991). Mevsimsel Affektif Bozuklukta Fototerapi. Düşünen Adam. 4 (2):14 - 15.

Dağdeviren, N., Oral, T., E. ve Dedeoğlu, S. (1998). Bipolar Afffektif Bozuklukta Mevsimsellik. Düşünen Adam. 11 (4): 53-55.

Ekinci, M., Okanlı, A. ve Gözüağca, D. (2005). Mevsimsel Depresyonlar ve Başetme Yolları. Atatür Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Dergisi, Cilt 8, Sayı:1.

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