Relationship Between Mother and Child: 'Attachment'

12.01.2017 11:43:00



Parents play a key role in the emotional development of infants. Attachment concept in infancy consists of many affectional and behavioral patterns of positive reactions to parents or primary caregivers, to spend a large part of the time with that person, to search for that person immediately in the face of any fearful situation or object, sense of pleasure in the presence of primary caregivers. Attachment is the strong emotional bond that develops between infant and caregiver, providing the infant with emotional security. The process of attachment unfolds in the first years of life. Binding in infancy is observed in stages. Immediately after birth, the attachment that starts in accordance with the nature of the human baby; Breast lookup, dizziness, sucking, swallowing, finger sucking, catching, going to the mother, sensing and measuring feeding times. With the eighth week, baby is starting to take care of the baby - sitter. From this period the baby smiles at the caregiver, establishes long-term eye contact, and makes more noise than other people. By the seventh month, babies begin to make sense of the relationship patterns in their environment. In this period, the baby turns to a real and distinct object. Now the baby, leads the attention to the person who meets all his needs. From this period, babies are exposed to fear, anxiety or evasions when they encounter foreigners. Attachment is exactly between six months and twenty - four months. The relationship between the early infant and the caregiver determines that one perceives itself and the environment as safe and unsafe. Although the relationship between the child and the caregiver appears only physically, it is in fact becoming an influence on the life of the individual. Attachment is continuous with the beginning of life in the early period. At the same time, it also determines the way in which individuals connect with others.


Adolescence attachment develops in the following way. In adolescence, begins to move away from the family of adolescence and spend more time with friends and peers as they relate to their family. A teenager to escape their family's criticism and their involvement in their life while trying to share their problems with their age group. All these situations bring together the adolescent with their own age, especially the opposite sex. During the adolescence period, the struggle that the parent gives in order to be able to leave the parent again passes to the close friends or peers of the adolescent as attachment figures that they can develop a sense of trust, which causes the adolescents to develop adult attachment styles. Adolescents with secure attachment styles have been found to be more trustworthy and harmonious in their relationships with adolescents with other attachment styles, and to have a more satisfying relationship with their friends and parents attachment figures. However, adolescents with insecure attachment styles were found to be dependent on others in their relationships and to have compelling relationships with their parents. While adherence is determined by the desire to establish physical closeness in infancy, attachment in adolescence continues to share concerns, fears, and emotions with the person whom the adolescent sees as the attachment figure when needed.


The main cause of many psychopathologies in childhood and adolescence related to the quality of infant-caregiver relationship. For all these reasons, the relationship parents establish with their children is extremely important.







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