Binge Eating Disorder

Binge eating disorder is defined as excessive food intake by losing control in any time period. People with this disorder don’t remove what they eat as in Bulimia Disorder. These people tend to be more obese than other people. This happens because of eating episodes and taking calories excessively. However, there are people with binge eating disorder who can protect their weight. These people tend to eat faster, more, and to the limits. As a result, people with this disorder start to eat alone and isolate themselves from their social surroundings. Depression and feeling of guilt accompanies this disorder and these cause them to be unhappy.

 

People who want to fight with this disorder should get help from a psychiatrist and a dietitian who works with eating disorders. 

 

Factors that contribute to the formation of Binge Eating Diorder:

 

·         Genetic factors,

 

·         Social and cultural pressures,

 

·         Culture that causes obesity,

 

·         Effects of family/Learned behaviors,

 

·         Loneliness,

 

·         Difficulty in coping with emotional problems

 

Concomitant Diseases:

 

·         Heart diseases,

 

·         Blood-pressure problems,

 

·         Social maladjustment,

 

·         Depression,

 

·         Kidney disease,

 

·         Paralysis,

 

·         High Cholesterol,

 

 

·         Insomnia

 

OBESITY

 

Obesity is defined as excessive amount of fat stored in the body. Obesity occurs by storage of fat that doesn’t fit in the physical structure of the body.

 

Obesity criteria are found by using Body Mass Index (BMI) values. According to this, people whose BMI is over 25 are defined as overweight. If BMI is over 30, it is defined as obese.

 

It is easy to apply this to yourself. You can find this value by proportioning weight to the square of height.

 

Category

Body Mass Index

Extreme Weakness

<16

Mild Weakness

16-18.9

Normal

19-25

Overweight

25.1-30

1st Degree Obese

30.1-35

2nd Degree Obese

35.1-40

3rd Degree Obese

>40.1

  

 

<18.5 (Weak): It means that you have a small amount of body fat. This could be efficient if you are an athlete. However, if you are not, then your BMI level indicates that your body weight is low, and this may cause your immune system to be weak. So, you should try to gain weight with a healthy diet and exercise to increase your muscle volume.  

 

18.5-24.9 (Normal): It means that your body fat is ideal, and there is a low probability of permanent and serious diseases.

           

25.0- 29.9 (Mildly Fat): It means that you should find ways to lose weight with diet and exercise. Because, you are at risk for several diseases.  

 

>30 (Obese): You have an unhealthy weight, and you may have serious diseases. You need to change your nutrition style and exercise more.

 

Causes of Obesity:

 

·         Overeating,

 

·         Low physical activity,

 

·         Psychological disorders,

 

·         Metabolic or hormonal disorders,

 

·         Genetic factors

 

 

The most important factors are overeating and psychological disorders. Many people don’t have enough information about what they eat.

 

Some researches showed that, obesity can be genetic. obesity ratio of children with normal parents is 8-9%. However, obesity ratio of children with fat parents is 80%.

 

Metabolic and hormonal problems have the less effect on obesity. Some hormones affect the speed of metabolism, and this causes less energy loss. So, nutrients are stored in the body. However, it shouldn’t be forgotten that, these people are generally immobile and this may cause them to get fat.

 

Treatment of obesity includes several treatment methods. Besides medications and diets, psychotherapy is necessary to regain self-esteem, to increase motivation of the patient and to treat depression caused by obesity. So, it is important to find the real reason of the disorder to make the treatment permanent.

 

 

 

* Published in Sabah newspaper on 17.12.2012.

 

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