Dyslexia

DYSLEXIA

Dyslexia is a most common learning disorder. Children with dyslexia have some problems about reading correctly and fluently.  Also they may have difficulty on answering questions about the text they are reading. However, when it’s read to children, they may have no difficulty. Also, children with dyslexia may also have difficulty with other skills such as reading, writing and mathematics.

Although people think that dyslexia is visual issue or reversing the letter and writing backwards, this is not a problem with vision or seeing letters in the wrong direction. It is important to know that dyslexia affects learning but it is not an intelligence problem. Children with dyslexia are just as smart as their peers.

Dyslexia is not a treatable disorder. However, teaching approaches and strategies may help children overcome and their challenges. Symptoms of dyslexia may differ from one child to another so it effect children in varying degrees. Symptoms can be seen as problems with reading and writing mistakes and fluency. But in some children, dyslexia can also affect their mathematics and language skills.

Decoding words are important for children with dyslexia. This is ability to match letters to sound and they use that skill for reading words correctly and fluently.  One of the reason for children having difficulty in decoding is that they have problem with a more basic language skill called "phonemic awareness". Phonemic awareness is the ability to recognize individual sounds in words. The problem with this skill can show up as early as before starting school.

A potential sign of dyslexia is that children can avoid both reading aloud and reading themselves. Children can be anxious or nervous when they are reading. Early diagnosis and special study programs is very important for the academic achievement and self-confidence of children with dyslexia.

Reference

https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/dyslexia/understanding-dyslexia

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