Stuttering

  •  Stuttering

    Stuttering  also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder  is a speech disorder that involves frequent and significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. People who stutter know what they want to say, but have difficulty saying it. For example, they may repeat or prolong a word, a syllable, or a consonant or vowel sound. Or they may pause during speech because they've reached a problematic word or sound.

    Stuttering is common among young children as a normal part of learning to speak. Young children may stutter when their speech and language abilities aren't developed enough to keep up with what they want to say. Most children outgrow this developmental stuttering.

    Sometimes, however, stuttering is a chronic condition that persists into adulthood. This type of stuttering can have an impact on self-esteem and interactions with other people.

    Children and adults who stutter may benefit from treatments such as speech therapy, using electronic devices to improve speech fluency or cognitive behavioral therapy.

    Symptoms

    Stuttering signs and symptoms may include:

    ·         Difficulty starting a word, phrase or sentence

    ·         Prolonging a word or sounds within a word

    ·         Repetition of a sound, syllable or word

    ·         Brief silence for certain syllables or words, or pauses within a word (broken word)

    Stuttering may be worse when the person is excited, tired or under stress, or when feeling self-conscious, hurried or pressured. Situations such as speaking in front of a group or talking on the phone can be particularly difficult for people who stutter.

    Stuttering is more common in men. Developmental delays, stuttering relatives and stress are the factors that increase the risk of stuttering.

    Cognitive behavioral therapy and speech therapy are the recommended treatment modalities for stuttering.

     

    References:

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stuttering/symptoms-causes/syc-20353572

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